A Brief look at the city of Jelenia Góra in Dolnośląskie, South West Poland.
The District city of Jelenia Góra has a population of about 93,000 Slavonic inhabitants, It was a fortified castle located on a hill named after it's founder King Boleslaw (Boleslaus the Wry-Mouthed) at the turn of the eleventh and twelfth centuries in 1108, where the Bóbr River (which travels through the north of the Czech Republic and the south west of Poland and is a tributary of the Oder River) and the Kamienna River. It was first mentioned as a town in 1281 and is now a city in the Lower Silesia region, south-western Poland. The name of the city means “deer mountain” in Polish and German. It is close to the Karkonosze National Park a mountain range running along the Polish-Czech border with ski resorts near by, Karpacz and Szklarska Poreba which are about 10-15 km from the city.
It was at a crossroads of important trade routes to the Czech Republic and Germany and this created buoyant growth. The young city received from the Silesian rulers numerous privileges and over the following centuries, became famous with the product and the export of cloth, and was also a centre of mining and metallurgy due to material supplied from nearby Kowary. The town belonged to the Piasts until 1392 and then passed into the hands of Bohemia. In 1527, after the death of King Louis, the last of the Jagiellonian reign of the Czech throne, the city transferred to the Hapsburg monarchy. Another phrase in the history of the town was the outbreak of the very bloody Thirty Years' War (1618 - 48), after which the towns industries of mining and the production of flax declined. It had a great fire in 1634 and the market square was rebuilt and surrounded by Baroque town houses. Near to the Market Square stands the Parish Church of St Erasmus and St Pancras which was built in the 15th century and retains its Gothic appearance. The district museum has the largest collection of decorative glass in Poland.
In the eighteenth century after the Silesian wars there was rapid development of tourism due to interest in the surrounding Kamienna River valley and the mountains of Jeleniogórska. The then inhabitants had a political affiliation to Prussia, then to Germany and this situation lasted until the end of World War II. Postwar development and industrial urbanisation and the administrative reform in the Jelenia Gora, 1975, meant it became the capital of the province Dolnośląskie.
Positive changes have taken place in recent years, as can be seen by walking through the city centre, with many renovations of historic monuments, churches and buildings, and have included the creation of new green open spaces, contributing to the creation of a new period of development and nature of Jelenia Gora, known as the “Pearl of the Karkonosze Mountains. It currently forms part of the city districts of: Maciejowa, Black, Goduszyn, Teplice, Sobieszów and Jagniatków.
Places to visit should include the Church of the Holy Cross built for a Lutheran congregation in 1718, the Karkonosze Museum about the near by mountain range, the Market Square with its restored Baroque buildings.
The municipal council (rada gminy) is composed of members elected by direct universal suffrage for a four-year term. In addition to its legislative powers, this assembly votes the municipal budget and determine local taxes. The council appoints members of commissions from among the councillors. These commissions are responsible for the preparation of decisions taken by the council and for the supervision of its execution.
The executive board (zarzd gminy) is composed of the mayor and its deputies. It implements the decisions taken by the council.
The mayor is elected by direct universal suffrage for a four-year term. (S)he is the official representative of the municipality and is assisted by deputies elected by the council. The mayor is called wójt in rural municipalities, burmistrz in urban ones and prezydent miasta in towns of more than 100,000 inhabitants.
The head of the municipal administration (sekretarz gminy) is appointed by the council, upon proposal of the mayor.
. Public transport
. Social services
. Pre-primary and primary education
Note: Great urban municipalities in Poland have a special status with powers normally devoted to counties (powiat).
The Lower Silesian Voivodeship (Dolnośląskie) Poland, is divided into 29 counties (powiats), including three municipal counties, and 26 rural counties. These are further divided into 169 communes (gminas).
A Powiat (pronounced povyat) is the second level of Polish administrative division, between Voivodships and Communes. As such it is roughly equivalent to counties or districts in the United Kingdom. There is no official equivalent of the name in English.
Some of the towns in a Voivodship can be centres of more than one powiat. The reason is that in several cases the town itself and its surroundings form separate entities of administrative division. This is usually the case for large Polish cities, but can also apply to several smaller towns.
Jelenia Góra website.
Jeleniogóskie Information Center and the Regional Education
Address: ul. Bankowa 27, 58-500 Jelenia Góra. Telephone: +48 75 76 76 925
Opening Hours: Monday-Friday 9am to 6pm: Saturday 10am to 2pm: Sunday (July to September) 10am to 2pm
Jelenia Góra Municipal Council - Dolnośląskie - Poland Travel Guide