Legnica is one of the oldest cities in the region and is the third largest city in Lower Silesia. The population is over 104,000 and is an important economic, cultural and academic centre. From June 1975 to 31 December 1998 the city was the capital of the Province of Legnica. It is currently the seat of the municipal powiat.
The city lies at the confluence of the rivers Kaczawa and Black Water, on the border of the Sudeten Foothills and the Silesian Lowland at an altitude of about 113 - 168 meters. The climate is among the warmest in Poland with an average annual temperature of more than 8.5 degrees C. The amount of annual rainfall is about 577 mm. Legnica is characterized by the country's largest number of sunny days and has one of the longest growing seasons for plants.
In the first post-war democratic elections on 27 May 1990, the people of Legnica elected their representatives to the City Council of Legnica for the control of the municipality.
Legnica is twined with the cities of Wuppertal (since 1993), Drohobych (since 1999), Blansko (since 2000) and Roanne (since 2006).
The offical city website
The Lower Silesian Voivodeship (Dolnośląskie) Poland, is divided into 29 counties (powiats), including three municipal counties, and 26 rural counties. These are further divided into 169 communes (gminas).
A Powiat (pronounced povyat) is the second level of Polish administrative division, between Voivodships and Communes. As such it is roughly equivalent to counties or districts in the United Kingdom. There is no official equivalent of the name in English.
Some of the towns in a Voivodship can be centres of more than one powiat. The reason is that in several cases the town itself and its surroundings form separate entities of administrative division. This is usually the case for large Polish cities, but can also apply to several smaller towns.
Legnica Municipal Council - Dolnośląskie - Poland Travel Guide