Kraków County (Polish: powiat krakowski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Malopolskie, in southern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998.
Its administrative seat is the city of Kraków, although the city is not part of the county (it constitutes a separate city county). The county contains five towns: Skawina, 12 km (7 miles) south-west of Kraków, Krzeszowice, 24 km (15 miles) west of Kraków, Słomniki, 24 km (15 miles) north-east of Kraków, Skała, 20 km (12 miles) north of Kraków, and Świątniki Górne, 15 km (9 miles) south of Kraków.
The county covers an area of 1,229.62 square kilometres (474.8 sq miles). As of 2006 its total population was 244,970, (today it is about 241,000, 7.3% of all residents of the Małopolskie Voivodeship) out of which the population of Skawina was 23,691 (24,374 now), Krzeszowice was 9,942, Słomniki was 4,331, Skała was 3,693, Świątniki Górne was 2,101, and the rural population was 201,212. Within the county there are 322 towns and villages.
Apart from the city of Kraków, Kraków County is also bordered by Miechów County to the north, Proszowice County and Bochnia County to the east, Wieliczka County to the south-east, Myślenice County to the south, Wadowice County and Chrzanów County to the west, and Olkusz County to the north-west.
The county is subdivided into 17 gminas (five urban-rural and 12 rural). These are listed in the following table, in descending order of population. If in red figures have been updated as of 4 January 2010.
|Gmina Wielka Wieś||rural||48.1||9,316||Wielka Wieś|
|Gmina Świątniki Górne||urban-rural||20.2||8,619||Świątniki Górne|
The editor acknowledges with grateful thanks some of the above information is from Wikipedia.
A Powiat (pronounced povyat) is the second level of Polish administrative division, between Voivodships and Communes. As such it is roughly equivalent to counties or districts in the United Kingdom. There is no official equivalent of the name in English.
Some of the towns in a Voivodship can be centres of more than one powiat. The reason is that in several cases the town itself and its surroundings form separate entities of administrative division. This is usually the case for large Polish cities, but can also apply to several smaller towns.
Powiat Krakowski - Malopolskie - Poland - Polska - Poland Explorer