Powiat Nowotarski

Nowy Targ County (Polish: powiat nowotarski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Malopolskie, in southern Poland, on the Slovak border. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998.

Its administrative seat and largest town is Nowy Targ, which lies 67 kilometres (42 miles) south of the regional capital Kraków. The county also contains the towns of Rabka-Zdrój, lying 18 km (11 miles) north of Nowy Targ, and Szczawnica, 35 km (22 miles) east of Nowy Targ.

The county covers an area of 1,474.66 square kilometres (569.4 sq miles). As of 2006 its total population was 181,878, out of which the population of Nowy Targ was 33,493, Rabka-Zdrój was 13,031, Szczawnica was 7,334, and the rural population was 128,020.

Nowy Targ County is bordered by Sucha County to the north-west, Myślenice County to the north, Limanowa County to the north-east, Nowy Sącz County to the east and Tatra County to the south. It also has an international border with Slovakia to the south.

The earliest written reference about Nowy Targ County comes from the first half of the 13th century, with an act of land transfer by the Prince of Krakow. There was also information dating back to 1252, which mentioned the existence of the defense guarding the royal castle in the White Dunajec valley.

The county is subdivided into 14 gminas (two urban, one urban-rural and 11 rural). These are listed in the following table, in descending order of population.

Gmina Type Area
(km²)
Population
(2006)
Seat
Nowy Targ urban 51.1 33,493  
Gmina Nowy Targ rural 208.7 22,070 Nowy Targ *
Gmina Czarny Dunajec rural 218.3 21,186 Czarny Dunajec
Gmina Rabka-Zdrój urban-rural 69.0 17,190 Rabka-Zdrój
Gmina Jabłonka rural 213.3 16,910 Jabłonka
Gmina Raba Wyżna rural 88.3 13,525 Raba Wyżna
Gmina Szaflary rural 54.3 10,227 Szaflary
Gmina Łapsze Niżne rural 124.8 8,785 Łapsze Niżne
Gmina Ochotnica Dolna rural 141.0 7,921 Ochotnica Dolna
Gmina Szczawnica urban-rural 87.9 7,334 Szczawnica
Gmina Czorsztyn rural 61.7 7,201 Maniowy
Gmina Krościenko nad Dunajcem rural 57.3 6,465 Krościenko nad Dunajcem
Gmina Lipnica Wielka rural 67.5 5,592 Lipnica Wielka
Gmina Spytkowice rural 32.2 3,979 Spytkowice
* seat not part of the gmina

A Powiat (pronounced povyat) is the second level of Polish administrative division, between Voivodships and Communes. As such it is roughly equivalent to counties or districts in the United Kingdom. There is no official equivalent of the name in English.

Some of the towns in a Voivodship can be centres of more than one powiat. The reason is that in several cases the town itself and its surroundings form separate entities of administrative division. This is usually the case for large Polish cities, but can also apply to several smaller towns.

The editor acknowledges with grateful thanks that some of the above information is from Wikipedia.

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Tatra Mountains in southern Poland