Olkusz County (Polish: powiat olkuski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Malopolskie, in southern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998.
Its administrative seat and largest town is Olkusz, which lies 37 kilometres (23 miles) north-west of the regional capital Kraków. The county also contains the towns of Bukowno, lying 8 km (5 miles) west of Olkusz, and Wolbrom, 20 km (12 miles) north-east of Olkusz.
The county covers an area of 622.19 square kilometres (240.2 sq miles). As of 2006 its total population is 114,286, out of which the population of Olkusz was 37,552, Bukowno was 10,695, Wolbrom was 9,075, and the rural population was 56,964. It is a natural bridge between Malopolska and Silesia.
An unquestionable advantage for the powiat Olkuski is its location being on important transport routes. The proximity of both the capital of the province, Krakow and also the city of Katowice, with whom Olkusz now has a two-lane highway, will foster the development of the city and county, the international road E-4 Olszyna - Przemysl, and the E-7 route Warsaw to Budapest. In addition, the railway line crosses Olkusz, Katowice to Kielce.
Olkusz County is bordered by Zawiercie County to the north, Miechów County to the east, Kraków County to the south-east, Chrzanów County to the south-west, and the city of Dąbrowa Górnicza and Będzin County to the west.
The economics of the county include plants such as ZGH “Boleslaw” Olkuska Fans Factory “Owent” Enamel SA, Kimberly-Clark Sand Pit Szczakowa, Glassworks Jaroszowiec. Local companies operating here include: PKM Olkusz, Water and Sewage System. Ltd., Heating Company.
District olkuski has medical facilities providing health care and health clinics including two hospitals, in Olkusz and at Jaroszowcu (hospital pulmonary diseases).
Through out the county there is a rich and prosperous land, where the contemporary and tradition of the past centuries live in perfect symbiosis (close and often long-term interactions between different biological species). where you will have the opportunity to commune with a unique landscape, of Jurassic nature, the limestone hills and caves, empty sands and relaxing green valleys.
The county is subdivided into six gminas (one urban, two urban-rural and three rural). These are listed in the following table, in descending order of population.
A Powiat (pronounced povyat) is the second level of Polish administrative division, between Voivodships and Communes. As such it is roughly equivalent to counties or districts in the United Kingdom. There is no official equivalent of the name in English.
Some of the towns in a Voivodship can be centres of more than one powiat. The reason is that in several cases the town itself and its surroundings form separate entities of administrative division. This is usually the case for large Polish cities, but can also apply to several smaller towns.
The editor acknowledges with grateful thanks that some of the above information is from Wikipedia.
Coordinates and maps for Olkusz: 50°17′N19°34′E
Powiat Olkuski - Malopolskie - Poland - Polska - Poland Explorer