Sucha County (Polish: powiat suski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Malopolskie in southern Poland, on the Slovak border. Its administrative seat and largest town is Sucha Beskidzka, which lies 44 kilometres (27 miles) south-west of the regional capital of Kraków. The county also contains the towns of Maków Podhalański, lying 7 km (4 miles) east of Sucha Beskidzka, and Jordanów, 20 km (12 miles) south-east of Sucha Beskidzka.
The county covers an area of 685.75 square kilometres (264.8 sq miles). As of 2006 its total population was 82,045, out of which the population of Sucha Beskidzka was 9,726, Maków Podhalański was 5,738, Jordanów was 5,112, and the rural population was 61,469.
Sucha County was previously in existance between 1956 and 1975, but on the abolition of the powiats its territory was split between the two newly created voivodeships of Bielsko-Biała and Nowy Sącz. The county was recreated on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998, restoring the powiats and creating 16 Voivodeships or Provinces or Regions.
Sucha County is located in the Beskidy Mountains. Its highest point is Babia Gora, 1,725 m (5,660 ft) above sea level, and since 1954 has been a National Park and Biosphere Reserve. This is a typical mountain region, and the natural wealth of the region are its forests that occupy almost 50% of the powiat.
Almost the entire area of the district lies in the basin of the upper Skawa, which is the main river in the region. The Skawa flows through three cities: Sucha Beskidzka, Maków Podhalański and Jordanów.
This county attracts a significant number of tourists each year, paritcularly in the winter time for the skiing at Zawoja but also has a well developed network of hiking trails, and cycle routes together with an increasing amount of accommodation.
Sucha County is bordered by Żywiec County to the west, Wadowice County to the north, Myślenice County to the east and Nowy Targ County to the south-east. It also has an international border with Slovakia to the south-west.
The county is subdivided into nine gminas (two urban, one urban-rural and six rural). These are listed in the following table, in descending order of population.
|Gmina and number on map||Type||Area
|Gmina Maków Podhalański (5)||urban-rural||108.9||15,873||Maków Podhalański|
|Gmina Stryszawa (6)||rural||113.2||11,710||Lachowice|
|Gmina Jordanów (4)||rural||92.7||10,508||Jordanów *|
|Sucha Beskidzka (7)||urban||27.5||9,726|
|Gmina Zawoja (8)||rural||128.8||8,849||Zawoja|
|Gmina Budzów (1)||rural||73.4||8,311||Budzów|
|Gmina Bystra-Sidzina (2)||rural||80.4||6,423||Bystra|
|Gmina Zembrzyce (9)||rural||39.9||5,533||Zembrzyce|
|* seat not part of the gmina|
The editor acknowledges with grateful thanks that some of the above information is from Wikipedia.
A Powiat (pronounced povyat) is the second level of Polish administrative division, between Voivodships and Communes. As such it is roughly equivalent to counties or districts in the United Kingdom. There is no official equivalent of the name in English.
Some of the towns in a Voivodship can be centres of more than one powiat. The reason is that in several cases the town itself and its surroundings form separate entities of administrative division. This is usually the case for large Polish cities, but can also apply to several smaller towns.
Powiat Suski - Malopolskie - Poland - Polska - Poland Travel Guide