Tarnów County (Polish: powiat Tarnowski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Malopolskie, in southern Poland and occupying more than 8.8% of the provinces surface. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998.
Its administrative seat is the city of Tarnów, although the city is not part of the county (it constitutes a separate city county). The county contains seven towns: Tuchów, 16 km (10 miles) south of Tarnów, Żabno, 14 km (9 miles) north-west of Tarnów, Wojnicz, 15 km (9 miles) south-west of Tarnów, Radłów, 13 km (8 miles) north-west of Tarnów, Ryglice, 20 km (12 miles) south-east of Tarnów, Ciężkowice, 26 km (16 miles) south of Tarnów, and Zakliczyn, 25 km (16 miles) south-west of Tarnów.
The county covers an area of 1,413.44 square kilometres (545.7 sq miles) and lies on the border of two geographical regions: Highlands Ciężkowicko - Rożnów and the Sandomierz Basin. Three main rivers flow within the district: the Vistula, Dunajec, and White. Tourism is big business in the district with funds flowing in from the European Union to help with making biking trails and walks for the many who visit the county each year.
As of 2006 its total population was 193,549, out of which the population of Tuchów was 6,501, Żabno 4,271, Wojnicz 3,404, Ryglice 2,784, Ciężkowice 2,378, Zakliczyn 1,556, and the rural population was 176,059 including approximately 2,800 as the population of Radłów, which became a town in 2010.
Apart from the city of Tarnów, Tarnów County is also bordered by Dąbrowa County to the north, Dębica County to the east, Jasło County to the south-east, Gorlice County and Nowy Sącz County to the south, Brzesko County and Proszowice County to the west, and Kazimierza County to the north-west.
The county is subdivided into 16 gminas (seven urban-rural and nine rural). These are listed in the following table, in descending order of population. They are further divided into 188 parishes making 209 locations within the district.
|Gmina Tarnów||rural||82.8||23,060||Tarnów *|
|Gmina Lisia Góra||rural||105.4||13,714||Lisia Góra|
|Gmina Rzepiennik Strzyżewski||rural||70.2||6,832||Rzepiennik Strzyżewski|
|* seat not part of the gmina|
The editor acknowledges with grateful thanks that some of the above information is from Wikipedia.
The most important highway is the E4, an international route, from Berlin by Zgorzelec, Wroclaw, Krakow, Tarnow, Rzeszow to Lviv. It runs parallel to the railway line Zgorzelec-Silesia Medyka. Tarnow forms the southern boundary of the state railway line and connects with the countries of Southern Europe.
Agriculture is an important sector of the economy. Many farms are privately owned with an average size of 3.2 ha. These are not intensively farmed focusing on the quantity and efficiency but appreciate the quality of the agricultural products grown. Forests cover more than 20% of the district Tarnowski.
In addition to the traditional farms, there are also multi-functional farms specializing in breeding pigs, cattle and poultry as well as the production of strawberries, raspberries, apples, plums, and beans. Municipalities and Zakliczyn Wojnicz lead in the cultivation of beans “Beautiful Jas, some of which are for export. Fish-ponds in Wierzchoslawice are involved in the specialized breeding of Carp.
Private establishments make up 95% of active businesses in the district. These include butchers, often with a long tradition - metalwork, embroidery, wood manufacturing and food processing plants. There is a well developed glass industry producing high quality glass items.
A Powiat (pronounced povyat) is the second level of Polish administrative division, between Voivodships and Communes. As such it is roughly equivalent to counties or districts in the United Kingdom. There is no official equivalent of the name in English.
Some of the towns in a Voivodship can be centres of more than one powiat. The reason is that in several cases the town itself and its surroundings form separate entities of administrative division. This is usually the case for large Polish cities, but can also apply to several smaller towns.
Powiat Tarnowski - Malopolskie - Polska - Poland - Poland Explorer