Tatra County (Polish: powiat Tatrzański) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Malopolskie, in southern Poland, having an international border with Slovakia.
It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and only town is Zakopane, which lies 85 kilometres (53 miles) south of the regional capital Kraków. The county takes its name from the Tatra Mountain range, which covers most of its territory.
The county covers an area of 471.62 square kilometres (182.1 sq miles). As of 2006 its total population was 65,393, out of which the population of Zakopane was 27,486 and the rural population was 37,907. The mountainous southern part of the county (211 km²) makes up the Tatra National Park. This area, together with the Slovakian Tatra National Park across the border, make up a UNESCO-designated biosphere reserve.
Tatra County is bordered by only one other Polish county, Nowy Targ County, which lies to the north. To the east, west and south it is bordered by Slovakia.
The county is subdivided into five gminas (one urban and four rural). These are listed in the following table, in descending order of population.
|Gmina Bukowina Tatrzańska||rural||131.8||12,386||Bukowina Tatrzańska|
|Gmina Biały Dunajec||rural||35.5||6,780||Biały Dunajec|
The editor acknowledges with grateful thanks that some of the above information is from Wikipedia.
Tatra County is one of the most attractive tourist regions of Poland and is an ideal place for hiking and winter sports, with the season lasting all through the year. The Tatra Mountains create an unforgettable experience providing hiking mountain trails with some 300 km of marked trails of varying difficulty for tourists to explore. Some of the most interesting include; Reglami with interesting views of the valley Zakopane, White Valley - a beautiful trail among the woods and original forms of rock, the route through the Red Wierchy Koscieliska Valley. There are also 8 cycle trails in the Tatra's.
The town of Zakopane has a long history of cultural life and many of the buildings have a story to tell about the areas past and it's people. Most of them can be admired in the street Koscieliska. It is a well-developed folk and crafts centre including; wood, leather, wool, glass paintings and metalwork. Many cultural events take place in Zakopane through out the year.
A Powiat (pronounced povyat) is the second level of Polish administrative division, between Voivodships and Communes. As such it is roughly equivalent to counties or districts in the United Kingdom. There is no official equivalent of the name in English.
Some of the towns in a Voivodship can be centres of more than one powiat. The reason is that in several cases the town itself and its surroundings form separate entities of administrative division. This is usually the case for large Polish cities, but can also apply to several smaller towns.
Powiat Tatrzański - Malopolskie - Poland - Polska - Poland Travel Guide